The Memory of Justice (1976 Marcel Ophuls)

Restored by the Academy Film Archive in association with Paramount Pictures and The Film Foundation. Restoration funding provided by The Material World Charitable Foundation, Righteous Persons Foundation, and The Film Foundation.   |   USA

Country of Origin of cited work: United Kingdom First Transmission / Publication Date since restoration: 2015-2-11 Where published (Channel/Website) since restoration: Berlin International Film Festival Programme Duration (mins): 278 minutes Brief Synopsis in English (up to 100 words): Marcel Ophüls explores the relationship between individual and collective responsibility in this documentary based on Telford Taylor's book written during the Vietnam War and reflecting on issues raised during his work as Chief Counsel for the Prosecution at the Nuremberg Trials. Ophuls investigates atrocities committed by the Nazis, in light of alleged war crimes committed by the French in Algeria and the Americans in Vietnam. Interviews and archival footage offer insight from both architects and victims of evil. This monumental film raises essential questions about the moral choices made by individuals and governments in wartime. Reason for submission in English (up to 100 words): This culturally and historically significant film has been out of circulation for nearly 40 years and the complexities of restoring a 278-minute documentary, in three languages, containing third party copyrighted clips and music, were vast. Over the course of 10 years working on the project, original elements were discovered, rights were cleared, and the film was fully subtitled as Ophuls originally intended. THE MEMORY OF JUSTICE was restored by the Academy Film Archive in association with Paramount Pictures and The Film Foundation with funding provided by The Material World Charitable Foundation, Righteous Persons Foundation, and The Film Foundation. Further Information: 1. The element(s) used for restoration, stating gauge and nature and specific problems associated with them e.g. damage, dispersal of elements and complexity of reconstruction (up to 100 words): The 35mm CRI representing the 1976 Paramount release was thought to be the best surviving material on the film when the restoration project began. The 16mm original negative rolls were later discovered and ultimately used for the restoration. The conformed 16mm original negative contains both color and B&W stock, consisting of 50 A/B/C/D rolls. Original overlay bands printed on 35mm hi-con stock containing titles and identification markers were also utilized for the restoration. 2. Original and restored aspect ratio and format (up to 100 words): The original negative is 16mm (1:33) and the DCP and print of the restoration retains the 1:33 aspect ratio. 3. Time since aimed for version was last available. How does this version differ from previous versions e.g. in completeness and improvement in quality (up to 100 words): The documentary was released in 1976 and has been virtually unavailable since. A key difference is that the original release version contained an English-language voiceover track. During the course of the restoration, the original recordings of Ophuls' interviews with French- and German-speaking participants were discovered, and these replaced the voiceover track. New subtitles in English, French, and German were created for the restoration so that participants' and interviewer's own voices can now be heard. The Film Foundation consulted director Marcel Ophuls, who approved of this change and indicated that he had originally intended to use subtitled French and German language tracks. 4. Where the work was carried out for each title, (including labs and facility houses) and broken down where there are multiple titles in an entry (up to 100 words): Digital picture restoration: Colorworks in association with Prasad Corporation Digital sound restoration: Chase Audio by Deluxe Translation and Subtitling: SDI Media 5. What methodology was used? (up to 100 words): A 2K scan of the 16mm original negative A/B/C/D rolls was done at Colorworks using a Scanity. Prasad completed frame-by-frame cleanup of dirt and scratches. Color correction was completed at Colorworks. Chace Audio by Deluxe restored the soundtrack using the original audio recordings. The film contains archival footage from various sources including newsreels and footage shot during the Nuremburg trials. A more conservative approach towards defect removal was employed in these sections. All contemporary footage received full restoration. Because of the copyrighted footage and music contained in the film, all rights were re-cleared for non-theatrical, festival, and educational screenings. 6. What preservation elements have been generated and where will they be stored? (up to 100 words): 35mm 4-track Archival Mag 35mm Optical Track Negative DCDM 35mm DI Negative LTO Data Archive: Restored and Raw Files 35mm English subtitled Print DCP with French, German, and English Subtitles HDCamSR Video Master All items are stored at the Academy Film Archive. 7. How and where has the restoration been presented and made available to the public? (up to 100 words): THE MEMORY OF JUSTICE had its world restoration premiere at the Berlin International Film Festival in February, 2015. Since its premiere, screenings include: Toronto International Film Festival (North American Premiere), New York Film Festival (US Premiere), BFI London Film Festival, Il Cinema Ritrovato, Jerusalem Film Festival, and the Philadelphia Film Festival. The German-subtitled DCP was shown at the Austrian Film Museum launching its tour screening in multiple venues throughout Austria. On the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the Nuremberg Trials there were screenings at the Memorial de la Shoah in Paris and the Deutsches Historisches Museum in Berlin.