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Glossary

This is intended as a dynamic dictionary of terminology, so if you think any terms should be added or amended please email info@focalint.org

E

  • EDGE
    see Mobile

  • Educational
    See Academic access. Most archives will charge a reduced rate for the provision of material for educational purposes or to be included in educational programmes.

  • Exclusivity
    Sole grant of transmission rights within the agreed terms of a licence e.g. a territory, language, time period etc.


F

  • Fair Use
    A provision specific to US copyright law, which permits certain uses of copyright material without the owner's consent (e.g. certain limited documentary uses). Not to be confused with UK copyright law's "fair dealing."

  • Footage
    Technical term origination from measurement of film duration commonly used for content derived from audio-visual archives. See also "Material"

  • Free TV
    Transmission of any form of programme for reception without a charge being made to the viewer to view the programme. Often by means of "over the air broadcast", "basic cable transmission " or free "satellite transmission". As opposed for paid for cable (not as common a requirement as previously).


G

  • Games
    see Home Video

  • GSM
    see Mobile


H

  • Home Video/DVD/Games
    The distribution of the "material" on video cassette and/or video disc ('Videograms'), DVD, (and for Games, in particular, distribution by Internet for use in hand held and mobile devices) or on any future formats which may be played back by use of a playback device directly connected to or forming an integral part of a domestic television receiver or other device and which are intended for hire or sale to the public for private use only. 


I

  • IMX
    Rarely used file variant of Sony Digital Betacam tape allowing file type recording directly to convenient cassette tapes. Files of SD DigiBeta quality can be recorded, shared and then archived onto hard drives using this codec. Sony produced VT machines that could play SP, Digi and IMX allowing flexibility for Broadcasters.

  • In Flight/Transit TV
    Exhibition of the "material" to audiences as part of in-flight or other transit services (e.g. long distance coaches, and the clips that are shown in London taxis).

  • In store/point of sale
    See Advertisements.

  • Internet Protocol TV (IPTV) rights
    IPTV is the use of Data Networks to Deliver Television Services. It represents a convergence of broadcast and broadband delivery technologies. IPTV services are delivered via: Closed Networks (Managed IPTV, Service Provider model) or Open Networks (Web TV, Open Access model).

  • Internet TV
    Television delivered by using the internet protocol over a network infrastructure which may include broadband. see Internet Protocol TV 

  • Internet/Web Rights
    "Secured streaming rights": use of the footage for viewing only in Internet protocol by secure means for TV broadcasts or user internet websites :e.g. educational  websites, museums, private websites, also can be commercial as in advertising campaigns being broadcast on television, viral marketing, and also available on the client website, for example.

  • IPTV
    see Internet protocol TV  


J

  • JPEG2000
    File format that is the basis for Digital Cinema distribution and projection. Final master material (feature film) is converted to this visually impressive compressed format to produce secure deliverable files that are sent around ready for showing. The security is obtained by delivering separate electronic keys issued to tightly control distribution. The key and media have to be present together to enable viewing.