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Glossary

This is intended as a dynamic dictionary of terminology, so if you think any terms should be added or amended please email info@focalint.org

K

  • Kodak Cineon
    see DPX


L

  • Licence Fee
    A fee paid/charged to secure the rights for specific defined use of content


M

  • Media Format
    The physical format/Platform/carrier of the content. The term is used in different contexts, e.g. a television channel, cinema screen or a dvd or beta.

  • Mobile
    Delivery through any telecommunication service employing wireless technology (including but not limited to GSM, EDGE, CDMA, UMTS, DVBH technologies.

  • Mobile Technology Rights
    The right to distribute and broadcast to wireless devices (such as mobile phones) via any telecommunication service employing wireless technology (including but not limited to: GSM, EDGE, CDMA, UMTS, DVBH technologies).

  • Most Favoured Nations Clause
    The common term for a contractual clause which requires that a license fee (or any other definition of an agreement, including revenue shares) in a contractual relationship will not be less than the highest fee paid to one or more third parties

  • MP3
    Stands for MPEG Layer3, a very compressed sound file usually embedded into other lower bit rate file formats, DVD etc. Good for logging purposes as widely supported on PCs, music players etc. Any sound for final post should be delivered as a WAV file (see WAVE).

  • MP4/H.264
    Very compressed file format that allows off line collaborative working between edit suites and production personnel, works well on desktop and mobile viewing. Compressed but impressive results that allows offline/guide images to be shared around the production world quickly. Archive researchers are able to discover clips and share with the cutting room whilst on-going editing and before final clip ordering. The majority of archive collections make their libraries available for browsing using low bit rate MP4/H.264.

  • Music Videos
    A film or a video that accompanies a complete piece of music, see also pop promo

  • MXF
    Unlike all the other file formats, MXF is a 'container' or 'wrapper' that other file formats can exist in. MXF was devised to allow various professional media files to be more interchangeable in a range of TV products within the production workflow envisaged, from location filming through to production logging, viewing and then final post editing and delivery. A collaborative MXF workflow would enhance the production experience. Unfortunately incompatibility issues and file naming and numbering problems were numerous and took time to stabilize. The future goals of this initiative can be seen in DPP AS11 www.digitalproductionpartnership.co.uk


N

  • Non Commercial Exhibition
    Use of content in a non commercial context - e.g. a non fee charging museum exhibition.

  • Non Exclusivity
    Rights granted for a fee but not excluding the same rights being sold to someone else and on a shared basis and not solely to the licensee

  • Non Theatrical Audience
    Not a live audience, e.g. viewing via television.


P

  • Pay per View
    (often abbreviated PPV) offers a system by which a television audience can purchase programmes to view in their homes. The broadcaster shows the programme at a predetermined/programmed time. As opposed to Video on demand systems, which allow viewers to see the programme at any time. Programmes can be purchased using an on-screen guide, an automated telephone system, or through a live customer service representative.

  • Perpetuity
    For ever.

  • Podcasts
    A series of audio or video digital files distributed over the Internet by syndicated download, through Web feeds to any portable media players and personal computers. Often supplied free of charge (FOC) as radio or TV catch up.

  • Pop Promos
    Visual performances representation on audio recordings. See also music video (same kind of production, used for promotional purpose).

  • PPV
    see Pay-per-View

  • Promotional Use
    Content supplied by a company (usually free of charge) promoting its programme, event, product or personalities. Its use may be limited to a certain context or time period.

  • Public Domain
    In legal terminology, material which is "in the public domain" means material which is not protected by copyright. For example, the term of copyright protection may have expired, or which was never protected by copyright (e.g. some countries' government publications). In common parlance, "in the public domain" also means "generally accessible to, or known by, all" - this use does not refer to copyright protection.

  • Public Exhibition
    Programme or footage shown to audiences in closed Exhibition Space (e.g. a cinema or conference hall) to which members of the public are given access either for an admission fee or free of charge. The exhibition may be presented in an indoor or outdoor environment.