Restoration of Kinora Reels From Circa 1911

The R&A Archive/Blue Post Production   |   UK

Kinora reels were based on the same principles as the Mutoscope. Patented by the Lumiere brothers in 1896, they were first marketed in Britain in 1902 as a moving image system for home use. Each reel held up to 640 images and ran for about 30 seconds. The marketing of Kinora reels in 1911 stressed their use for studying sporting techniques and particularly those of golfers. When shown in sequence, the three restored George Duncan reels represent one of the earliest forms of golf instruction by moving images currently known. This makes them immensely significant to golf and film historians. Reason for Submission: A special rig with a rostrum camera was built to hold the Kinora reel safely. Each individual slide of each reel was then photographed at high resolution. These photographs were treated as frames of video and arranged into the correct order to produce approximately 30 seconds of footage for each reel. The images then went through the painstaking processes of stabilisation and frame-by-frame digital restoration. This restoration project has made it possible for a wide public to view these reels with a pictorial quality not seen since the early 20th century.